What is IAS, How to become an IAS officer and functions of IAS

What is IAS? (IAS officer) Whenever there is talk of prestigious government jobs in India, the names of IAS and IPS come first on the tongue. Every youth aspires to become an IAS or IPS officer . Students studying start preparing for IAS after 12th and start working hard.

Getting the post of IAS is a big challenge for a student, but one who is determined, he gets this glorious post. If you have also decided or you want to get basic information about what is IAS , then definitely read this article completely till the end. Because in today’s article, what is IAS, who is an IAS officer, how to become IAS, salary of IAS, work of IAS etc. will be explained in detail. So let’s go ahead and know the complete information about What is IAS .

What is IAS? – What is IAS officer.

IAS, whose full form is Indian Administrative Service (Indian Administrative Service ) , is the administrative branch of the All India Services of the Government of India . The IAS, considered India’s premier central civil service, is one of the three major branches of the All India Services, along with the Indian Police Service (Indian Police Service) and the Indian Forest Service (Indian Forest Service). The members of these three branches serve different states along with the Government of India. IAS officers are also posted in various Indian establishments such as constitutional bodies, subsidiary bodies, public sector units, staff and line agencies, statutory bodies and autonomous bodies.

Who is an IAS Officer?

IAS (Indian Administrative Service) is a prestigious career option for talented people in India. An IAS officer is considered to be of the highest order in the Indian administration, facing various challenges and responsibilities. On his shoulders are the responsibility of maintaining law and order and providing assistance to the people at the time of crisis management.

To become an IAS officer, one has to clear UPSC Main, Preliminary Exam and Interview. After getting selected, the candidate is sent to Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration for preliminary training.

After the confirmation of service, the IAS officer serves as a sub-divisional magistrate during the probationary period. After completion of the exercise, he is posted as District Magistrate and Collector in a district under an executive administrative role, for a period of several years. After the completion of this term, the officer can be promoted as a divisional commissioner to the head of the administrative division of the entire state.

When IAS officers start getting higher pay scale of pay matrix then they can lead government departments or ministries. Under this role, the IAS officer represents the country at the international level during bilateral or multilateral talks. If the officer is serving on deputation, he can be employed in intergovernmental organizations , such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations or its agencies, the Asian Development Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. Apart from all this, IAS officers are also compulsorily involved in elections in India by the Election Commission.

What is the main job of an IAS officer?

An IAS officer performs various functions depending on his posting and department. Most of the functions include administrative charge of a district/region/department, policy implementation, policy formulation, apex public sector undertaking etc. An IAS officer can also be sent abroad under a special mission or can be assigned a department directly under the central government. Apart from this, there is a provision for the deployment of an IAS officer in private organizations for a period of time.

What kind of work an IAS officer has to do depends on the workload he gets. There are three types of these assignments:

  1. Field
  2. State Secretariat or Public Sector Undertaking
  3. central secretariat

Do you know what is RTI and how to apply?

How many posts are there in IAS?

Based on the workload IAS officer can get the below mentioned posts:

  • positions in the field
  • District Magistrate
  • Deputy District Magistrate
  • Additional District Magistrate
  • Divisional Commissioner
  • posts in state government
  • Secretary
  • deputy Secretary
  • Upper Secretary
  • joint Secretary
  • Principal Secretary
  • Special Secretary
  • chief Secretary
  • posts in central government
  • Secretary
  • assistant Secretary
  • deputy Secretary
  • director
  • joint Secretary
  • Additional Secretary
  • Upper Secretary
  • cabinet secretary of india

IAS ki Power – Powers of IAS Officer

  1. An IAS officer has the powers of all the departments of the district.
  2. He also represents the police department as a district officer along with several other departments.
  3. At the district level, a District Magistrate looks after the works related to development plans.
  4. The District Magistrate supervises the policies implemented in the district.
  5. Can travel to the places where the policies are going to be implemented.
  6. An IAS officer is responsible for personal supervision for the expenditure of public funds on the implementation of policies. Because he is answerable to the Parliament and the State Legislature for any indiscretion.
  7. The district magistrate also has the responsibility of policing the district.
  8. In the district, the district officer has the power to take decisions related to law and order like section 144, prohibitory orders, etc.

What is the salary of IAS?

The basic monthly salary of an IAS officer starts from Rs 56,100 (TR, DA and HRA separately) and can go up to Rs 2,50,000 for a cabinet secretary. Apart from this, they are given facilities like a good accommodation, official vehicle, domestic staff, electricity, water etc. with subsidy.

How to become an IAS officer?

To become an IAS officer, one has to clear the Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) . It is considered to be the toughest exam in India, although it is not impossible to pass. There are three stages of civil services exam and to become an IAS officer it is necessary to clear all these three stages.

Preliminary Exam – Where there are two papers with multiple choice type questions. There is also a negative marking of 0.33 as a penalty. It would have been a total of 400 marks and the time taken was 2 hours.

  • Paper I – Current Affairs, Indian History and Politics.
  • Paper II – Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)

Main Exam – It consists of nine (9) theory based papers, which are of total 1750 marks. Its syllabus is:

  • essay on any topic
  • Indian Heritage
  • culture
  • Geography
  • Constitution
  • Government
  • social justice technology
  • environment
  • disaster management ethics
  • integrity and competence
  • Indian Language (Any Language)
  • english language

Interview – This is the final round after objective and subjective examination, where the personality test of the candidate is taken. After the candidate is selected from here, he is given training and posted accordingly.

Usually the examination process starts in the month of February. Around 5 lakh candidates take part in this exam in the first round. Only between 700-1000 candidates reach the final round, where the interview takes place. Out of all these, only about 100 candidates get the post of IAS.


IAS Salary and Other Facilities Availed by IAS Officer

Eligibility to become IAS

To become an IAS officer one must possess the following qualifications:

Age Range

You must be at least 21 years of age to appear for the UPSC exam.

The maximum age limit for general category to give UPSC exam is 32 years. While it is 35 years for OBC category and 37 years for SC/ST category .

educational qualification of IAS

To appear for the UPSC exam to become an IAS officer , a candidate must have a graduation degree from any recognized university. If a candidate is in the final year of graduation then he/she can also give this exam.

If a candidate has taken correspondence education then he is also eligible for this exam.

Professional people can also take part in this exam.

Candidates with technical degree can also apply for this exam.

A medical student can also apply for this exam. But only when he has completed his degree and is doing internship program.

If a candidate has passed CA, ICSI and ICWA then he can also give this exam.

Number Of Attempts

Candidates belonging to General category can attempt 6 times.

Candidates belonging to OBC category can attempt 9 times.

There is no limit for SC/ST candidates, they can take the exam as many times as they want till the age of 37 years.

Physical Eligibility for IAS

  1. There is no minimum height, weight or chest requirement to become an IAS.
  2. The eyesight of the candidate should be proper. If you have glasses or have made any corrections such as LASIK, ICL or IOL then you are eligible.
  3. The candidate should not have diabetes.
  4. The teeth of the candidate should be in good order.
  5. Candidate should have healthy heart and lungs.
  6. The candidate should not have any stomach related disease.
  7. The structure of the hands, feet and limbs should be correct and there should be no problem in the movement of the joints.
  8. The candidate should not have any congenital defect or deformity.
  9. One should not suffer from any complex or chronic disease.
  10. If the candidate has Grade 1 piles then he is declared fit.
  11. In case of diseases like hernia, varicose vein or piles, the candidate is declared temporarily unfit and can be declared fit after successful surgery.
  12. If the candidate has undergone any organ transplant, then he is declared unfit.
  13. Candidate should not have any ear disease and should have good hearing.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Exam Fees – IAS Exam 2022 Application Fees

CategoryIAS Prelims – Exam FeeIAS Mains – Exam Fee
For General/EWS/OBC100200
For All Female Candidatesno feesno fees
For SC/ST/PH or other categoryno feesno fees

How many IAS are there in a district?

An IAS officer is given the responsibility of a district. In this way, all the states in India, the administrative responsibility of different districts of all those states is assigned to different IAS officers. Apart from the states, IAS officers are also appointed in the union territories . In this way, we can say that the number of districts in the state will be the same number of IAS officers in that state.


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